• Heit neurointerventional research lab

    Stanford University

  • Our vision

    Our research seeks to advance our understanding of cerebrovascular disease and to develop new minimally invasive treatments for these diseases. We study ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral aneurysms, delayed cerebral ischemia, cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), dural arteriovenous fistulae, and other vascular diseases of the brain. We use state-of-the-art neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study these diseases, and we are developing future endovascular technologies to advance neurointerventional surgery.

    broken image

    Basic and Translational Science Research

    From bench top...

    Our basic and translational scientific team is working to advance our understanding of cerebrovascular development and patterning, the genetic basis of cerebrovascular malformation and aneurysm pathogenesis, and cellular adaption to cerebral ischemia. Our current knowledge about cerebrovascular development in humans is meager and limits our ability to develop new, molecularly targeted treatments for ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. New knowledge about cerebrovascular development could generate new, molecularly targeted treatments for ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes and transform clinical paradigms for these diseases.

    broken image

    Clinical Research

    ...to bedside.

    Our clinical research team seeks to advance our understanding of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke pathophysiology and improve the non-invasive imaging evaluation and endovascular treatment of these diseases. In addition, we are working to identify circulating biomarkers of acute and subacute cerebral ischemia to identify patients at risk of stroke before it happens.

  • The team

    Our team comes from a variety of different backgrounds and has a wide range of expertise.

    broken image

    Jeremy J. Heit, MD, PhD

    Principal Investigator

    Dr. Heit is an Associate Professor of Radiology and, by courtesy, of Neurosurgery at Stanford University. He is the Chief of Neuroimaging and Neurointervention (interim) at Stanford University, the Director of Neuroradiology at the Stanford Stroke Center, and the Director of the Stanford Neurointerventional Surgery Fellowship at Stanford.


    His interest in research was piqued as an undergraduate student at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he was a member of Tom Cech's lab. He completed his MD and PhD degrees at Stanford University, an internal medicine internship at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, a radiology residency at Massachusetts General Hospital, and a neurointerventional radiology fellowship at Stanford. He has been an attending neurointerventional surgeon and physician scientist at Stanford since 2015.



    broken image

    Aroosa Zamarud, MD

    Postdoctoral Scholar

    Dr. Zamarud completed her undergraduate education at Bannu Medical College, Khyber Medical University, Pakistan. She then worked serving underprivileged communities in remote vilages of northern Pakistan.  


    In March 2022, Dr. Zamarud joined Stanford Neurosurgery department as a Visiting Instructor with Dr. Steve Chang's research group. She studied neuro-oncology, with a special emphasis on exploring the potential of Cyberknife stereotactic radiosurgery for various brain pathologies.


    Dr. Zamarud was then recruited to the Heit Lab, where she is currently a postdoctoral fellow. She is studying venous outflow in patients with acute ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke.

    broken image

    Henk van Voorst, MD, PhD

    Postdoctoral Scholar

    Dr. van Voorst received a BSc and MSc in Medicine from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, an MSc in Information Studies: Track Data Science from the Universiteit van Amsterdam, and an MSc in Banking and Finance from the Universiteit Utrecht. He then obtained a PhD at the Amsterdam UMC, Universiteit van Amsterdam.


    In his PhD studies, Dr. van Voorst focused on cost-effectiveness analyses and artificial intelligence in acute ischemic stroke imaging. In the Collaborations for New Treatments of Acute Stroke (CONTRAST) consortium, Dr. van Voorst was responsible for imaging data management and automated image analysis for several randomized clinical trials. In the Cost Effectiveness of CT Perfusion for Patients suffering from Acute Ischemic Stroke (CLEOPATRA) project, Dr. van Voorst was responsible for the model-based cost-effectiveness analyses.


    Dr. van Voorst joined the Heit lab in September 2023. He received a Rubicon grant from the Dutch Scientific Council (NWO) for 24 months of postdoctoral training. Dr. van Voorst studies to possibilities of artificial intelligence-based artery and vein analyses in acute ischemic stroke imaging.

    broken image

    Jamie Kesten, BS

    Research Assistant

    Jamie Kesten is a research assistant in the Heit Lab. She was born at Stanford Hospital and grew up in the area. She completed her undergraduate studies at Vassar College, where she majored in Neuroscience and French. At Vassar, she played on the volleyball team, served as a tour guide, and interned in the Department of Philosophy. After graduation, Jamie joined the Heit Lab, where her research is focused on the imaging and treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke, neuroinflammation, artificial intelligence, and spine procedures. She is an aspiring physician, and she hopes to treat pediatric patients in the future.  

    broken image

    Gautam Adusumilli, MD

    Research Associate

    Dr. Adusumilli is Research Associate in the Heit Lab and a PGY-1 Surgery resident at Stanford. He discovered Neurointerventional Surgery while completing his BA and MD degrees at Washington University in St. Louis. His research in the Heit Lab focuses on novel measures of collateral blood flow in ischemic stroke patients, such as venous outflow. His long-term aspiration is to translate endovascular techniques to low-resource environments. Dr. Adusumilli will enter a Radiology Residency at Massachusetts General Hospital in 2022, and he will continue to collaborate with Dr. Heit after he moves to Boston.

    broken image

    Anna Maria Bombardieri, MD, PhD

    Faculty Research Collaborator

    Dr. Bombardieri is and Assistant Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology at Stanford and a faculty research collaborator in the Heit Lab. She earned her medical degree from the University of Rome, La Sapienza, and completed her residency training and PhD at the University of Florence. Subsequently, she pursued fellowships in Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain Medicine at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, followed by a Critical Care Medicine fellowship at the Free University of Brussels.

    In the Heit Lab, her research centers on developing a neuroimaging perfusion score to detect of cerebral vasospasm and exploring minimally invasive techniques to treat patients suffering from vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    Her ultimate goal is to utilize minimally invasive regional anesthetic techniques to enhance neurological outcomes in stroke patients.

    broken image

    Simon Levinson, MD

    Resident, Neurosurgery

    Simon is a PGY - III neurosurgery resident at Stanford and a research associate in the Heit lab. He is training to become a dual trained open and endovascular neurosurgeon and will be a neurointerventional fellow at Stanford after completion of his surgical training. He completed his undergraduate studies at UCLA in Los Angeles where he earned a BA in political philosophy with a minor in neuroscience and remained at UCLA where he graduated from the David Geffen School of Medicine in 2021.


    Simon is passionate about finding new ways to help patients recover from neurologic injury and his work in the Heit lab focuses on basic science and translational therapies for patients recovering from acute strokes. He is currently working to investigate the immunologic mechanism that could influence how patients recover after experiencing a stroke with the ultimate goal of developing neuro protective therapies that improve patient outcomes.
    broken image

    Adrien Guenego, MD

    Faculty Research Collaborator

    Dr. Guenego is a neurointerventional radiologist at Erasme Medical Center in Brussels, Belgium. He was previously a Research Fellow and Visiting Scholar at Stanford, both in the Stanford Stroke Center and in the Heit Lab. Dr. Guenego continues to work with Dr. Heit on research topics based in neurointerventional radiology.
    Dr. Guenego completed his undergraduate degree at Toulouse University in France. His MD was also completed in France at Toulouse University Hospital, and Fondation Rothschild in Paris as well as at CHUV in Lausanne, Switzerland. Dr. Guenego then completed a Neurointerventional Surgery Fellowship in Brussels from 2020-2022. He now practices at the prestigious Erasme Medical Center while he completes his PhD at Brussels University that if focused on vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia after cerebral aneurysm rupture.
    Dr. Guenego continues to study cerebrovascular disease and neurointerventional devices and techniques for the treatment of these diseases in collaboration with Dr. Heit. In addition, he has a strong interest in entrepreneurship and is working on scaling-up two health companies.
  • Alumni

    Graduates of the Heit lab continue to do amazing things!

    broken image

    Eric Sussman, MD

    Chief Resident in Neurosurgery, Stanford University

    Dr. Sussman is a neurosurgeon with Hartford Healthcare. He was a prior Neurosurgery Resident, Neurointerventional Surgery Fellow at Stanford and a Research Associate in the Heit Lab. Dr. Sussman completed his undergraduate degree at Duke University and his MD at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York. Dr. Sussman's research in the Heit lab focused on the identification of factors that predict clinical outcomes following ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke as well as neurovascular proteomics and metabolomics.

    broken image

    Tobias Faizy, MD

    Clinical Assistant Professor, University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf

    Dr. Faizy is an Assistant Professor of Neuroradiology at UKE in Hamburg, Germany. During his postdoctoral studies in the Heit Lab, Dr. Faizy worked to understand better how collateral blood flow maintains brain tissue viability during ischemic stroke. His innovative contributions led to publications in Stroke, Radiology, the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, and other prestigious journals. Dr. Faizy continues to collaborate with Dr. Heit from "across the pond."

    broken image

    Reza Kabiri, BS

    MD/PhD Student, University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf

    Mr. Kabiri is a MD PhD student in Hamburg, Germany, and he was a research associate at Stanford University during his time in the Heit Lab. His research interests include stroke imaging, artificial intelligence, and advance imaging of cerebral ischemia.

    broken image

    Matt Leipzig, BS

    Research Associate

    Mr. Leipzig is currently working as an artificial intelligence consultant. During his time as a research associate in the Heit Lab, he worked to develop statistical models that can improve both prediction and inference related to stroke. He also performed machine learning analyses to advance our understanding of ischemic and hemorrhage stroke.

    broken image

    David Marcellus, BS

    Clinical Research Coordinator

    Mr. Marcellus is a Clinical Research Coordinator at Stanford University and a Heit Lab alumni. He graduated from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and joined Heit Lab as a Research Associate. After one year in the Heit Lab, he transitioned to a Clinical Research Coordinator, where he currently works. He continues to collaborate with Dr. Heit and serves as the clinical research efforts of the Heit Lab and the Stanford Neurointerventional Radiology service.

    broken image

    Shruti Arora, BS

    Life Science Research Professional

    Ms. Arora is a MD/PhD student at the University of California at Davis. She was previously a LSRP in the Heit Lab, and her research with Dr. Heit focused on murine models of acute ischemic stroke. She also performed cutting edge brain microscopy imaging using CLARITY to study developmental cerebral vasculature patterning and vascular changes during ischemic stroke.

    broken image

    Dylan Wolman, MD

    Neurointerventional Surgery Fellow and Research Associate

    Dr. Wolman is a neurointerventional radiologist at Kaiser in Portland. He was previously a Radiology Resident and Neurointerventional Fellow at Stanford and a Research Associate in the Heit Lab. Dr. Wolman completed his undergraduate degree at Brandeis University and his MD at Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Wolman will begin his Neurointerventional Surgery Fellowship at Stanford in 2020 after completion of his radiology residency. Dr. Wolman's research focuses on novel imaging techniques, such as dual energy CT and perfusion imaging, for the evaluation of acute ischemic stroke.


    broken image

    Gabriella Kuraitis, BS

    Research Assistant

    Ms. Kuraitis is a prior research assistant in the Heit Lab. She completed her undergraduate degree in the biological sciences with an emphasis on neuroscience at the University of Oregon. She has had prior research experience at Stanford University and University of California, San Diego, which included a study to determine if artificial intelligence could be used to screen patients with retinal diseases. Her research interests in the Heit Lab are focused on stroke imaging and predicting clinical outcomes of ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes.

    broken image

    Sophie Ostmeier, MD

    Postdoctoral Student

    Dr. Ostemeier is a post doc in Dr. Greg Zaharchuk's lab at Stanford and a pior post doct in the Heit Lab. She completed her MD at the Technical University of Munich. Before being recruited to Dr. Heit's lab at Stanford, she studied dual energy CT applications in radiology. Her research interests focus on developing artificial intelligence techniques for the evaluation of cerebral ischemia and hemorrhagic stroke. She is an avid runner and cyclist, and she enjoys climbing the hills overlooking the Stanford campus and Bay Area in her free time.

    broken image

    Sarah Snyder, BA

    Research Associate

    Sarah Snyder is currently a clinical research assistant in the Department of Neurosurgery at Massachusetts General Hospital and a pior research associate in the Heit Lab. She completed her BA at the Duke University. Sarah is an accomplished swimmer, and she was Captain of the Duke Swim Team and an Olympic Trials qualifier. In the Heit Lab, Sarah studied cerebral aneurysms and the morphologic assessment of aneurysms using artificial intelligence platforms. She is an aspiring medical student, and she is currently applying to medical school.

  • News and press

    Congratulations to Dylan Wolman, MD for winning the Adult Brain Outstanding Presentation Award at...
    Congratulations to Dr. Faizy for being awarded the 2020 German Research Foundation Grant to...
    Congratulations to Dr. Sussman for being awarded the competitive Joe Niekro Foundation Research...
    Congratulations to Dr. Wolman for being awarded the prestigious RSNA Research Resident Grant for...
    Congratulations to Dr. Faizy for being awarded the 2019 German Research Foundation Grant to...
  • Publications

    Selected publications from the Heit Lab

    broken image

    Comprehensive List of Dr. Heit's Publications

    Pubmed Bibliography

    broken image

    Perfusion Imaging Predicts Favorable Outcomes After Basilar Artery Thrombectomy

    Cereda C, et al. (2021) Annals Neurology Nov 17. doi: 10.1002/ana.26272

    broken image

    Distinct intra-arterial clot localization affects tissue-level collaterals and venous outflow profiles

    Faizy TD, et al. (2021) European Journal of Neurology. Dec;28(12):4109-4116. doi: 10.1111/ene.15079. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

    broken image

    Reperfusion Therapies for Children With Arterial Ischemic Stroke

    Heit JJ, et al. (2021) Topics in MRI. Oct 1;30(5):231-243.

    doi: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000273.

    broken image

    VINE Catheter for Endovascular Surgery

    Li M, et al. (2021) IEE Transactions on Medical Robotics and Bionics 3: 384-391

    broken image

    MR perfusion imaging: Half-dose gadolinium is half the quality

    Heit JJ, et al. (2021) J Neuroimaging May 18. doi: 10.1111/jon.12879.

    broken image

    Assistance from Automated ASPECTS Software Improves Reader Performance

    Delio PR, et al. (2021) J Stroke Cerebrovascular Dis May 10;30(7):105829.

    doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105829.

    broken image

    Association of Venous Outflow Profiles and Successful Reperfusion After Thrombectomy

    Faizy TD, et al. (2021) Neurology May 5;10.1212/WNL.0000000000012106.

    doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000012106

    broken image

    Computed Tomography-Based Imaging Algorithms for Patient Selection in Acute Ischemic Stroke

    Pulli B, Heit JJ, and Wintermark M (2021) Neuroimaging Clin N Amer May;31(2):235-250. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2020.12.002.Epub 2021 Mar 23.

    broken image

    Venous Outflow Profiles Are Linked to Cerebral Edema Formation at Noncontrast Head CT after Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke Regardless of Collateral Vessel Status at CT Angiography

    Faizy T, et al. (2021) Radiology  Apr 6;203651. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2021203651. Online ahead of print.

    broken image

    Non-contrast dual-energy CT virtual ischemia maps accurately estimate ischemic core size in large-vessel occlusive stroke

    Wolman DN, et al. (2021) Scientific Reports Mar 24;11(1):6745. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-85143-3.

    broken image

    Favorable Venous Outflow Profiles Correlate With Favorable Tissue-Level Collaterals and Clinical Outcome

    Faizy T, et al. (2021) Stroke Mar 8;STROKEAHA120032242.

    doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.032242.Online ahead of print.

    broken image

    Perfusion imaging-based tissue-level collaterals predict ischemic lesion net water uptake in patients with acute ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion

    Faizy T, et al. (2021) JCBFM Feb 8;271678X21992200. doi: 10.1177/0271678X21992200.

    broken image

    Automated Cerebral Hemorrhage Detection Using RAPID

    Heit JJ, et al. (2021) AJNR Jan;42(2):273-278. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A6926. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

    broken image

    High-Performance Automated Anterior Circulation CT Angiographic Clot Detection in Acute Stroke: A Multireader Comparison

    Dehkharghani S, et al. (2021) Radiology Mar;298(3):665-670. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2021202734. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

    broken image

    CT perfusion core and ASPECT score prediction of outcomes in DEFUSE 3

    Kim-Tenser M, et al. (2020) Int J Stroke Mar 31;1747493020915141. doi: 10.1177/1747493020915141.


    broken image

    Effect of Oxygen Extraction (Brush-Sign) on Baseline Core Infarct Depends on Collaterals (HIR)

    Guenego A, et al. (2021) Front Neurol Jan 6;11:618765. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2020.618765. eCollection 2020.

    broken image

    Thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke in nonagenarians compared with octogenarians.

    Sussman ES, Martin B, Mlynash M, Marks MP, Marcellus D, Albers G, Lansberg M, Dodd R, Do HM, Heit JJ. (2020) Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke in Nonagenarians Compared to Octogenarians. JNIS 12:266-270.

    broken image

    Endovascular versus medical therapy for large-vessel anterior occlusive stroke presenting with mild symptoms.

    Wolman DN, et al. (2019) Int J Stroke. doi: 10.1177/1747493019873510

    broken image

    Rapid Neurologic Improvement Predicts Favorable Outcome 90 Days After Thrombectomy in the DEFUSE 3 Study

    Heit JJ, et al. (2019) Stroke. May;50(5):1172-1177. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.024928

    broken image

    Collateral blood flow measurement with intravoxel incoherent motion perfusion imaging in hyperacute brain stroke.

    Federau C, et al. (2019) Neurology. May 21;92(21):e2462-e2471. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000007538

    broken image

    Hypoperfusion Intensity Ratio Is Correlated With Patient Eligibility for Thrombectomy.

    Guenego A, et al. (2019) Stroke. Apr;50(4):917-922. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.024134

  • join the heit lab team

    Submit a CV and a brief description of your research interests and career goals to Jeremy Heit, MD, PhD at jheit@stanford.edu

    Post Doctoral Candidates - Basic/Translational Science Research Group

    We are looking for qualified post doctoral candidates to join our group. Applicants to the basic science/translational research team should have an interest in advancing our understanding of cerebrovascular developmental biology and patterning, ischemic stroke physiologic imaging and treatment in animal models, nano-therapeutic treatment of ischemic stroke or delayed cerebral ischemia after cerebral aneurysm rupture, or novel interests pertinent to the field of neurointerventional surgery. Candidates must hold a PhD or MD from an accredited institution and have excellent laboratory and analytical skills. Independence and critical thinking are highly valued skills.

    Post Doctoral Candidates - Clinical Science Research Group

    We are looking for qualified post doctoral candidates to join our group. Applicants to the clinical research team should have an interest in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke pathophysiology and the non-invasive imaging evaluation and endovascular treatment of these diseases. We are particularly interested in how the brain adapts to cerebral ischemia to maintain neurologic function in the setting of severe cerebral blood flow compromise. Candidates must hold a PhD or MD from an accredited institution and have excellent analytic skills. Computational, programming, independence, and critical thinking are highly valued skills.

    Research Associate - Clinical or Basic/Translational Science Research Groups

    Looking to gain research experience or learn more about cerebrovascular disease and its cutting-edge treatment? We are looking for qualified research associate candidates to join our group. Applicants should have a Bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and an interest in cerebrovascular disease. Candidates with an interest in pursuing clinical medicine or research are encouraged to apply. Independence, and critical thinking are highly valued skills.

  • Support Our Research


    A gift to the Heit Lab will support our cerebrovascular disease and neurointerventional treatment research.

    If you would like to make a donation for this purpose, please contact:

    Erik C. Rausch

    Stanford Medical Center Development

    Phone: 650-725-1005

    Email: erausch@stanford.edu

    Online gifts can also be made here: https://medicalgiving.stanford.edu

  • Contact us

    Jeremy J. Heit, MD, PhD - Academic Office

    Department of Radiology and, by courtesy, of Neurosurgery

    Center for Academic Medicine

    Department of Radiology 5659-324A

    453 Quarry Road

    Palo Alto, CA 94304


    Dr. Heit's Clinic - Patient Care

    Stanford Neuroscience Health Center

    213 Quarry Rd

    Palo Alto, CA 94304

    (650) 723-6469 (Clinical Appointments)

    Jeremy J. Heit, MD, PhD Stanford Faculty Profile

    Dr. Heit's Stanford Faculty profile may be found at: